Community Policing Data Act

Community Policing Data Collection

The 2020 session of the General Assembly passed a bill to amend the Code of Virginia by adding in Chapter 1 of Title 9.1 an article numbered 14, consisting of a section numbered 9.1-191, by adding sections numbered 15.2-1609.10 and 15.2-1722.1, and by adding in Title 52 a chapter numbered 6.1, consisting of sections numbered 52-30.1 through 52-30.4, relating to the Community Policing Act; data collection and reporting requirements. Updates to the original legislation were made per Chapter 37 of the 2020 Special Session I.

The bill states that each time a law-enforcement officer or State Police officer stops a driver of a motor vehicle, stops and frisks a person based on reasonable suspicion, or temporarily detains a person during any other investigatory stop, such officer shall collect the following data based on the officer’s observation or information provided to the officer by the driver: (i) the race, ethnicity, age, gender of the person stopped, and whether the person stopped spoke English; (ii) the reason for the stop; (iii) the location of the stop; (iv) whether a warning, written citation, or summons was issued or whether any person was arrested; (v) if a warning, written citation, or summons was issued or an arrest was made, the warning provided, violation charged, or crime charged; (vi) whether the vehicle or any person was searched; and (vii) whether the law enforcement officer or State Police officer used physical force against any person and whether any person used physical force against any officers.

To view the most recent GMUPD Data Reports, click on the links below:

 

For more information about the Community Policing Act Data, please contact Capt. P. Surber at (703) 993-2816 or psurber2@gmu.edu.